Active Ingredients - Aktiiviraaka-aineet -lista...

Active Ingredients - Aktiiviraaka-aineet -lista englanniksi


A

ALMOND - ALMOND OIL
An extract from the pressing of sweet almonds, this oil of a triglyceride nature consists in over 95% of unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids (oleic and linoleic acid, the remainder 5% of saturated fatty acids mainly consist in myristic acid) which have extremely strong moisturising and softening powers. For this reason it is also particularly indicated for the most delicate skins and those which suffer from couperose. Applied in small quantities on the body, it is also an excellent after-sun treatment, especially for skins that do not tolerate salty water. It is an exceptional product for protecting and softening the skin on the breasts. Its many virtues include the capacity to provide excellent suppleness to the skin. It has lubricating and anti-inflammatory properties.

ACTICIRE™
Acticire™ is a natural, multifunctional active texture agent based on Jojoba, Mimosa, and Sunflower waxes. In skin care, Acticire™ acts as an emollient, bringing softness to the skin, and as an active, repairing, protecting, and moisturizing dry, damaged skin. Acticire™ also brings thickening, richness, and luxury to skin care formulations. In lipsticks and anhydrous balms, Acticire™ has the unique ability to enable the inclusion of water or water soluble actives, while maintaining a stable formulation. Preservative free.

AFRICAN KIGELIA
African Kigelia is a plant which has a fruit, rich in flavonoids and steroid saponosides, and the women in Senegal use the pulp to smear all over their bust to improve its appearance. The Kigelia extract is particularly rich in vegetable active principles, which have recognised firming and toning effects. Thanks to these effective substances Kigelia contributes to preventing the relaxation of tissues and helps provide tone and suppleness and therefore improve its aesthetical appearance.

ALGAE - LAMINAR ALGAE (LAMINARIA DIGITATA)
Micronised Laminar Algae, used especially in the bath, provides mineral trace elements, amino-acids and vitamins that have an anti-oxidising action and make the skin toned, supple and smooth.

ALOE VERA
Aloe grows in Southern Africa. Juice is extracted from its leaves which is often used in cosmetics for skin care, as it has a remarkable softening and refreshing action. It is particularly indicated for after-sun products because of its soothing action.

It has healing properties on ulcerating lesions on the skin caused by therapeutic and sun radiations; useful also in case of insect bites, small wounds, abrasions and dermatitis. The extract of the condensed juice of Aloe has gained considerable cosmetic interest over the years after experiments confirmed its excellent shielding powers against erythematogenous UVB radiations. Apart from its filtering action, it also has a soothing and healing effect so it can also be used in after-sun products, in products for chapped hands, and masks for dry skins.

ALPAFLOR GIGAWHITE®
A mix of highly effective active ingredients that prevent the melanin synthesis while gradually correcting the formation of age spots and blemishes, lightening skin and evening out color tones. It consist of mallow extracts,  piperite mint, lemon balm, yarrow,  alchemilla ( Lady’s Mantle) and Veronica Officinalis. 

ALPHA-ARBUTIN
A biosyntetic powerful extract capable of holding back the melanin synthesis and therefore preventing dark spots. It provides an even complexion. 

AMBRE OCEANE®
is a water soluble brown algae extract. It boosts the synthesis of collagen and hyaluronic acid, helping to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

AMERICAN CHRYSANTHEMUM (CHRYSANTHELLUM INDICUM)
The American Chrysanthemum grows in a poor and siliceous ground of the mountainous areas of America and Africa.  The drug represents the whole plant whilst its principal elements are: essential oil, triterpenes, polyphenolic acids, sesquiterpenes, deterpenes. In the cosmetic field it is used for its properties stimulating the melanogenesis and as a consequence it boosts the stretch marks coloration , reducing their visibility. 

APIGENIN
The apigenin is a natural flavonoid, present in many fruit and vegetable as the parsley, the onion, the celery, the tea and the grapefruit. It stimulates the micro-circulation.

APPLE - APPLE JUICE
Apple juice in rich in: POLYPHENOLS : they are different groups of organic mixtures; they include flavonoids, isoflavonoids, anthocyanins and procyanidins. They are natural ingredients of plants present in the fruits, flowers, leaves and seeds. They don’t only have remarkable anti-oxidising properties, but also develop a variety of shades of colour which characterise the flowers of a lot of plants. They are also capable of reducing the damages caused by excessive exposure to UV rays and various atmospheric pollutants. VITAMINS : A high presence is noted of Vitamins A, E, B, C and PP. They are organic substances characterized a variety of functions. In products they act as a keratinisation regulator; they also have capillitium moisturising properties. MINERAL SALTS: Recent studies have proved that the loss of mineral salts (Calcium, Iron, Sodium, Magnesium and Copper) in the hair causes structural damage, which weakens it and leads to hair loss. FRUIT ACIDS : Thanks to their keratolytic activity, they stimulate the process of cell renewal, improving the skin physiology.

APRICOT (PRUNUS ARMENIACA) 
The oil extracted from the apricot stone is extremely rich in Vitamins E and F. It is therefore a product with softening, nourishing and anti-oxidising properties, capable of preventing the diffusion of free radicals. A granular powder is obtained by the Apricot stone which makes it possible to eliminate the dead cells present on the skin surface. For this reason it is widely used in peeling products for the face and body. The fruit juice has got several different uses and properties.  It has a firming and eudermic action, thanks to the amino acids, vitamins, pectins which are contained in the juice. 

AQUAPHYLINE VIOLETTA®
A new generation ingredient capable of providing an intense hydrating effect. Rich in oligosaccarides, it stimulates the proteins syntesis called acuaporins that provide a better flow of water molecules in dermis and epidermis. It also has the capacity of increasing the level of hyaluronic acid in skin and therefore increasing remarkably the water retention capacity in the different layers of skin. 

ARGAN - ARGAN OIL(ARGANIA SPINOSA)
The Argan tree (Argania Spinosa, Saponaceae) spontaneously grows in the southwest of Morocco, in Mexico and in Madera. One example of Argan, the only one in Italy and perhaps in the whole of Europe, can be found in the Botanical Gardens in Cagliari (inaugurated in November 1866). The Argan wood, which is quite hard, used to be used as building wood. The fruit, which is similar to an olive, is a pale orange colour whilst the pulp, rich in unsaturated fatty acids, has an important nourishing value. The Argania Tree produces nuts which are ground in crushers to produce a yellow oil, slightly scented, which is also called the 'liquid gold of Morocco'. Its yield, in fact, is extremely low: 100 Kg are needed to obtain one litre of Argan Oil. Argan Oil contains over 80% of unsaturated fatty acids, consisting in around 37% of Linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid and it is rich in vitamin E. Because of its intrinsic composition this oil is highly softening and stimulates the renewal of skin cells; recent studies have proved that it contains anti-oxidising ingredients that combat premature aging. The oil protects the skin hydrating it and making it soft and elastic; it also has a strengthening action on fragile fingernails and on dry hair, whilst decelerating the aging process.

ARGIRELINE®
The cosmetic answer to the botolinum toxin. An antiage active principle whose efficacy, proved by in vivo and in vitro tests, if used constantly, produces a relaxation of facial tension which leads to a reduction of wrinkles and expression lines: in fact it reacts and it interacts with the micro-fibers of the facial muscles, which smoothes out the wrinkles.

ARNICA (ARNICA MONTANA)
Arnica is essentially a mountain plant; it grows on hilly plains and in Alpine and Apennine woods. The higher the altitude, the more aromatic the plants. Its most interesting characteristics are the following: it invigorates and stimulates the peripheral blood circulation. For this reason Arnica is used in deep-heating creams and masks usually defined as "sauna effect" , due to the particular cosmetic action that they produce. The extracts of Arnica are also used in products for cellulite and sporting massages.

AUXINA TRICOGENA
Many modern medicines derive from phytotherapy which we cannot certainly do without. Therapy using plants and herbs is obviously ancient and all primitive people have extremely vast and traditional knowledge on curative plants. Auxina Tricogena is a natural mixture which contains extracts of Achillea, Coltsfoot and Chinaroot which have a stimulating activity on the hair growth cycle.

B

BEAUTYFEYE™
For the first time in cosmetics industry, a funcional ingredient carries out an action against upper eyelid relaxation. It protects, strengthens and improves the appearance of skin. It reduces the accumulation of glicotoxic pigments which are responible for the irregular pigmentation and  tired appearance of skin. 

BIOPHYTOSEBUM©
Biophytosebum© is a unique emollient for personal care and beauty products. 100% vegetable origin, it is composed of unsaponifiables and wax-esters obtained from olive oil free fatty acids and esterified fatty acids. Very easy to use in the oily phase of the formulation, it offers non-greasy feel, easy spreading and penetrating, moisturizing and nourishing properties for skin.

BLACK CHERRY – BLACK CHERRY JUICE (HORMOFRUIT)
It is a glyceric extract of black cherry juice rich in salts, potasium and polyphenols, among which the tannins which represent the highest percentage. The presence of these anti oxidant agents suggests a use in cosmetics as refreshing and astringent active for irritated skins, due to its  soothing properties. 

BLACK RICE - WATERY EXTRACT (PERICARP)
Watery extract of Black Rice (pericarp), organic certified by ICEA, rich in anthocyanins that have a protective action on skin. Thanks to its anti-oxidising molecules helps contrast the damage caused by free radicals through the strengthening of endogenic systems of skin defense. Its anti-oxidising properties of its water are biologically guaranteed as well as the biological orgin of the employed raw materials. 

BLUEBERRY (VACCINIUM MYRTILLUS) 
Blueberry extract, rich in polyphenols that act as vasoprotectors and normalizers for the permeability of the capillaries, is used for the treatment of dry and delicate skins. As a food supplement, it provides a most useful natural Vitamin A.

BRAN RICE OIL
The chaff and the husk that cover the Rice (Oryza Sativa) kernel have around 20% of oily substances that are extracted with a solvent. Rice Bran Oil is obtained, after refinement and deacidification which is suitable for foodstuffs and cosmetic use. Characterized by the presence of tocopherol (vitamin E) and gamma-oryzanol (natural UVA filter). Rice Bran, like Wheat Bran, is also used in soaps where it has an abrasive action.

BRONZING S.F. PEPTIDE
Neuropeptide stimulating the melanogenesis and therefore boosts the coloration of stretch marks, decreasing their visibility.

BROOM PALAZZO MASSAINI (GINESTRA OF PALAZZO MASSAINI)
Genisteae is a tribe of trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants in the subfamily Faboideae of the legume family Fabaceae. It includes a number of well-known plants including broom, lupine (lupin), gorse and laburnum.
For cosmetics, it is used the plant extract water based as an additive; it is solvent free and paraben free. Antioxidant.

C

CALENDULA (CALENDULA OFFICINALIS)
Calendula Officinalis is a plant which grows spontaneously all over the Mediterranean area. Its precious medicinal properties, confirmed by modern medical science, were well known even in the Middle Ages. The extremely pretty yellow Calendula flowers contain flavone pigments, a saponine, a resin, a bitter ingredient, acids, alcohol, traces of salicylic acid and precursors of Vit. A. It is present in products for children and intimate personal hygiene. In cosmetics it is used to regenerate (superlative in fighting dandruff), decongest, soothe, soften, and is an emollient for dry, sensitive, chapped, asphyxiated and senescent skins.

CAOBROMINE®
Caobromine® is a phyto-active substance obtained by hydroglycolic extraction from cocoa bean shells.
Rich in caffeine, theobromine , flavonoids which are known for their stimulating properties useful to contrast the fat formation. 

CAPSICUM
Capsicum is a synonym of chili-pepper. Its oil-resin extract contains carotenoid and rubefacient ingredients. It induces an increase of the blood circulation which causes heat; therefore it is used in thermo-active products. It has a stimulating function on thermal-sensitive nerve ends in the skin, without involving the capillaries. It has astringent, stimulating and vitaminising properties. The extract of capsicum is used to help drain the excess fluids imprisoned in the interstitial tissues. 

CARROT (DAUCUS CAROTA)
The generic name is the Latin version of the Greek term “daukos” with which the wild plant was known, in many regions it is called “parsnip”. in ancient times the Greeks also refereed to the carrot as 'stafilinos' that identifies in particular the uvula or the throat, but also the inflammations of the oral cavity. The Carrot, known since ancient times, is naturally rich in Vitamin C, B1, B2, but above all in Carotene and Pro-vitamin A that in the organism is transformed into Vitamin A, vital for keeping the skin youthful, supple and healthy. Carrot Oil improves and enhances the condition of the skin helping to induce and prolong tanning.

CENTELLA ASIATICA
Centella Asiatica is a small plant typical of Madagascar. It is definitely one of the officinal plants most commonly used in the cosmetic field due to its soothing and vasoprotective properties. Its active principles, in fact, are extremely effective in the treatment of problems in the lower limbs, so typical and frequent especially in women such as heaviness of the legs and cellulite.

CHAMOMILE
One of the most renowned plants used in herbal treatments. It grows everywhere in the lowlands, in wheat fields, in uncultivated areas and on the edges of the country paths. It contains an essential oil that is also used in cosmetics for its lenitive, softening, protective, purifying, anti-reddening actions, therefore it is precious in creams for delicate, very sensitive skins also with couperose and in products for children. 

CHINA (CHICHONA CALISAYA)
The china is an evergreen tree (15-20 m in height) that grows in Bolivia and Peru. The china bark contains tannins and alkaloids and is frequently used in cosmetics in hair products. Its astringent properties make it useful in formulas for oily hair, as a sebum-regulator, and it has a stimulating action on the scalp in the case of lifeless hair.

CLAY
It is a combination of minerals and mainly consists in silica, alumina, iron, magnesium, potassium. It is extracted from the subsoil and finely ground, sieved, dried and ventilated. The main property is its capacity to absorb oily substances and water. Its most common use is in toothpastes and drying masks. 

COCOA (THEOBROMA CACAO)
Cocoa butter is only obtained by roasted, peeled and ground beans. It has softening and protective properties: in the cosmetic field it is mainly used to protect the lips, but lately it has been added to creams and sun products with excellent results. Also Aztec women used cocoa butter to anoint and to protect the skin.

COCONUT (COCOS NUCIFERA)
A palm of the equatorial regions; an oil is extracted from the pulp of the Coconut which is often used in cosmetics, especially in sun products (as a softener) and in soaps. It is used in tricological treatments because it nourishes and strengthens hair, but also in cleansing products. It has softening, toning and refreshing properties. It contains: proteins, minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates, highly saturated glycerides. The Coconut Oil turns liquid only if the temperature exceeds 20 degrees, therefore the sun products based on Coconut Oil easily solidify.

COCONUT MILK
Coconut Extract (Cocos Nucifera) in emulsion. It is an active principle which is useful for maintaining the skin’s natural moisturising factor (N.M.F.). Furthermore, thanks to its rich content of saturated fatty acids, it has a restructuring effect on the skin with a softening and emollient action.

COENZYME Q10
Coenzyme Q10: anti-oxidising action. As in the majority of biological tissues, Q10 is present in the skin together with its anti-oxidising form, Ubiquinol 10. Research on the anti-oxidising nature of Ubiquinol 10, following acute exposure to UV radiation, has shown that Ubiquinol 10 is the first anti-oxidant to be decreased by UV radiation. Therefore an acute dose of UV radiation leads to a reduction of the natural level of Ubiquinol 10 in the skin, and it represents therefore the first anti-oxidising line of defence of the skin against UV radiations. The application on the skin of Q10, protects the skin not only against the initial damages caused by an acute exposure to the UV rays, but also against subsequent increases in Q10 that the same body produces as a result of extensive exposure to the sun. Therefore a part of the Q10 provided, is converted into the anti-oxidising form called Ubiquinol 10. On the basis of the same studies a reduction of wrinkles was also recorded. Tests on human fibroblastics have shown that Q10 reduces the increase of collagenases caused by UVA radiation. Q10 will help to maintain the collagen intact and this could be the reason for which a reduction of wrinkles is observed. Another potential benefit of Q10 is that it restores vitality and energy to the cells of the epidermis. Q10 performs this function in two complementary ways: firstly, although the Q10 is biosynthesised by the body, with aging, the levels of the coenzyme in our tissues decrease. This can lead to a decrease in the ability of the cells to produce energy and therefore to a decrease in the energy available to perform cellular processes. The restoration of the mitochondria levels of Q10 can be capable of reversing this process. Secondly, with aging the mitochondria DNA, that represents the code for the synthesis of some mitochondria enzymes, is progressively damaged by free radicals; this type of progressive deterioration in the bioenergetic cells constitutes one of the mechanisms that account for the phenomenon of aging. In these aged cells the Q10 is capable of restoring energy by stimulation of the synthesis of ATP; furthermore, as the Q10 is also an anti-oxidising agent, it will have a prevention activity against damages caused to the DNA, if used in time. In all, it could also restore to aged skins, the energy needed for efficient cellular proliferation in the basal layer of the epidermis and for the collagen synthesis by the fibroblastic of the derma. The application of a cream containing Q10, has proved to be an efficient way to providing Q10 to the outer part of the skin, where it can perform an anti-oxidising, anti-free radical action and a re-energising effect.

COFFEE – CAFFEINE
Caffeine is an alkaloid present in Coffee, Tea, Guaranà and in many other plants with stimulating characteristics. It is renowned for its ability to inhibit a particular enzymatic process with a consequent increase of lypolosis that, in a certain sense, hinders the formation of adipose panels. In this sense Caffeine has proved to have a satisfactory effect in combating the orange peel effect on skin, localised fatty deposits and skin imperfections so typical of cellulite.

COTTON – EXTRACT (GOSSYPIUM)
The cotton, Gossypium type, belongs to the family of Malvaceae. Its geographic origin is unknown, but probably  it comes from the Tropics. It was introduced in Europe by the Arabs, who brought it to Sicily  in the IX century approximately. Nowadays it is cultivated all around the world, especially in Asia and America. Cotton is one of the most important and spread industrial plants, being that an oily plant, very rich in fibres at the same time. The seeds are used for the extraction of the oil, prior refinement, in cosmetic and food industry. Indeed this oil is rich in fatty acids which are essential to preserve skin health. 

CUCUMBER (CUCUMIS SATIVUS)
The cucumber owes its cosmetic fame to the traditional herbal remedies that indicate it as an effective ingredient for nourishing and refreshing masks. The pulp of the fruit is astringent, softening, soothing, lightening for small marks.

CUORE DI MIELE™ (HONEY ESSENCE)
Honey has been used in cosmetics for years due to the large number of substances it contains that are beneficial for the skin’s health. After extensive research, the invaluable collaboration between our research and development laboratory and the Chemical, Pharmaceutical and Toxicological Institute at the University of Milan finally allowed us to extract Cuore di Miele™ and exploit the extraordinary properties of essence of honey in our cosmetics. Cuore di Miele™ is a 100% natural beauty concentrate that aids all aspects of the skin's wellbeing with strong protective and anti-radical properties.

D

DATE (PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA)
It is a fruit of the date palm, coming from Mediterranean Africa and Western Asia. It is very rich in sugars, it contains a good quantity of vitamins and mineral salts.  It has got hydrating and moisturising properties. 

DEAD SEA MUDS
Since ancient times in the depths of Dead Sea this special MUD has been settling  in a natural sediment of active , organic and mineral substances (Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, Bromine and sodium). They have been used since ancient times for several cosmtetic solutions. 

DEAD SEA SALTS (SEA SALT)
The salts of the Dead Sea originate from the famous lake in Israel which is the lowest point of the globe and in which during the millennia precious active substances have concentrated. These salts, used for bathing at home, give a boost of energy to the organism and they act on the beauty and the health of the skin. Further to their richness in magnesium, iodine, calcium and bromine they have a high concentration of sodium that guarantees lymphatic drainage, oxygenating the tissues as a consequence. 

DEFENSIL™
It is an innovative active principle based on the combination  of three vegetable extracts: Cardiospermum Halicacabum: a tropical climbing plant whose extract has got a high effectiveness  for contrasting  skin irritations, having a balancing and normalizing function as well. Echium Plantagineum:  a plant of the same family of starflower (Borago officinalis), whose oily extract is naturally rich in unsaturated fatty acids ( in particular stearidonic, Omega 3) capable of contrasting effectively  all kinds of inflammation.  Unsaponifiable matter of sunflower oil: the most important part of sunflower oil rich in phytosterols and vitamins, it helps revitalize the lipidic protective layer of the skin, providing all the necessary nourishment. 

DRAGOCALM®
An oat by-product, standardised in avenanthramides, which has strong anti-oxidising, lenitive and anti-reddening properties.

E

EBONY – EBONY EXTRACT
It is a plant growing  in the central areas of Africa as far as Madagascar, it is also present in Indian Ocean. It was used  during ancient times of kings of India as a sceptre and it was the antagonist of poison, so it was used to produce cups. Only few trees, after being cut down, keep the wood as dark as the ebony. In cosmetics it is used for its astringent properties, being rich in tannins. 

ELESTAN (ELASTINDEFENCE™)
It is a watery extract  coming from the leaves of Manilkara Multinervis,  a plant of the savannah. It contains catechins, tannins and flavonoids helping contrast the  stress of the connective tissue.  The glycation of tissues occurs in the dermal tissue, at the level of collagen and elastine fibers that constitute the skin structure and are responsible for its flexibility. The glucose which is naturally present in our body fixes in these fibers.  Rigid-frame bridges form among the fibers that convey the hardening of the reticle.  This phenomenon is similar to the caramel  forming process. Consequences:  the structure loses elasticity;  the wrinkles appear and  become deeper over time.  Scientific reasearch has demonstrated that ELESTAN has got anti glycation effects and it conveys a better oxidation of connective tissue, reducing the concentration of Glycated collagen, contrasting the strengthening of collagen and elastin fibers. ELESTAN  preserves the elastin fibers reducing its rigidity.  Moreover it stimulates the synthesis of fibulin, a glycoprotein for the formation of elastic fibers such as elastin, emilin, which has a very important  function in elastogenesis. Therefore ELESTAN has got an anti glycation activity and stimulates the prduction of fibulin and emilin, it stimulates the synthesis of tropoelastin. 

ESCINE
Escine is a triterpenic saponin present in Horse Chestnut seeds. This substance has a positive effect on the brittleness and permeability of capillaries, therefore it is useful in the treatment of initial stages of cellulite; it also has an intense and long lasting superficial anti-edemogenic action that decreases the state of skin tension and it reduces the bloated appearance of cellulite skin. It therefore has a vasoprotective action and has soothing and lightening properties. In cosmetics it is used as free Escin or, in order to improve its tolerance level, as a phytosome, that is the molecule is "complexed" with lecithin and phytosterols which prolongs its activity in time and makes it less aggressive.

EUCALYPTUS (EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS)
The leaves of this plant are rich in essential oils in which the eucalyptus predominates. The essence in itself or just the eucalyptus has balsamic and antiseptic properties. In cosmetics it is used both as a component of perfumes and for deodorants and air fresheners. Combined with camphor and/or menthol it is often found in toning massage products ideal for sportsmen.

EUPHORYL OMEGA 3
It is a vegetable active principle composed of Sacha Inchi Oil and Pink Pepper; the Sacha Inchi oil contains the 93% of essential polyunsaturated fatty acids ( oleic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid); whilst Pink pepper from Brazil has got stimulating and revitalizing properties.
The CHEMISTRY OF HAPPINESS. Behind the euphoric aspect of a happy woman there is a chemical and biological explication based on a molecule called DOMAMINE. It acts a very important part as far as desire and pleasure is concerned and its release conveys an immediate placebo effect.  At a dermal level dopamine improves the microcirculation and increases the function of skin barriers. The Omega 3 fats appear to have anti depressant benefits related to the synthesis of domapine, since these poly unsaturated fatty acids contrast hypersensibility, dehydration of skin thanks to its anti oxidising properties. The combination of Sacha Inchi Oil and Schinus Terebinthifolius Extract thanks to its high content of Omegas 3, stimulate the release of dopamine of cells and let your skin be happy.

EUSOLEX® UV-PEARLS™
Eusolex® UV-Pearls™ is an encapsulated organic UVB filter in an aqueous dispersion. The key benefits of encapsulated UV filters include: stay on the surface of the skin where they’re needed the most, encapsulation provides gentle skin protection – more than safe – by prevention of the UV filter from coming into contact with skin surface. It leads to reduced dermal uptake and low allergy potential and allows for new formulation concepts and therefore new opportunities for the cosmetic formulator.

EVERMAT™
It is an extract coming from an African Plant rich in Oleanolic Acid. This active principle has got a double function:  it inhibits the action of alpha reductase, responsible for sebaceous secretion, regulating the proliferation and differenciation of the  sebocytes. The effect on the skin it is the reduction of  the  oily effect and  pore reduction.  It is indicated for oily and combination skins. 

F

FERMENT– FERMENT EXTRACT (ALTEROMONAS FERMENT EXTRACT)
These bacteria are associated to invertebrates and were discovered by Ifremer in 1987. All the invertebrates who live in extreme conditions are covered in these bacteria  that form particular filaments that protect them from contamination. They are composed of polysaccarides. 

FOMES OFFICINALIS
It comes from the forests of Eastern Europe, where it is extracted from a fungus that grows on the trunk of Larch tree. It was traditionally used in France as one of the ingredients in an elixir of life. It has astringent properties, reducing dilated pores and providing an effective, lasting hydrating action. It visibly helps to improve the appareance of the skin which, application after application, is instantly softer and supple, with smaller-looking pores.

FRESCOLAT®
Ester between lactic acid and menthol;  it provides a refreshing and tonig effect, long lasting over time in comparison to Menthol. It doesn’t have its typical sharp smell , but a more delicate fragrance. 

G

GARCINIA CAMBOYA
This plant has been used for a long time in traditional Oriental medicine. The Garcinia Cambogia extract is correctly used in specific products for the treatment of skin imperfections relating to fat deposits because its main ingredient, the hydroxy-citric acid, blocks the synthesis of the fatty acids and cholesterol at a skin level, with consequent reduction of the deposit of lipids in the adipose tissue. The plant also contains carotenoids (precursors of Vitamin A.) that prevent the production of free radicals, responsible for a variety of damage to the skin. They also combat a loss of elasticity in the skin whilst protecting it.

GATULINE RADIANCE
It is a vegetable extract of the ripe fruit of the plant Wu-Zhu-Yu, very known in traditional chinese medicine.  This active stimulates the skin microcirculation, giving the skin a new radiance, the complexion becomes brighter and smoother.

GHASSOUL
The Ghassoul is extracted in Morocco and it is considered a clay used for soaps. It is also used as a cream to wash hair or as a face mask, it can also be used as a delicate cleansing lotion for the body. It moisturises the skin reducing the sebum secretion and revitalizes the skin contrasting impurities. It is recommended for sensitive skins and all kind of  hair, since it is a natural hair strengthener. It has got anti-oily properties for bright and soft hair. 

GINKGO BILOBA
It is a stately tree that reaches 30-40 meters in height and is considered to be a “living fossil" because it has ancient origins. The extract obtained from the leaves contains terpenic lactones and flavonoids, molecules which are capable of combating the harmful effect of free radicals whilst protecting the skin and the cutaneous layers from external aggressions such as, for instance, pollution. It has decongesting, anti-aging properties; it has vasoprotective activities and regulates the blood flow. Due to this protective activity, the Ginkgo Biloba extract is used in products which combat the skin imperfections caused by cellulite but also in treatments for sensitive and couperose skins.

GINSENG (PANAX GINSENG)
Ginseng grows in Eastern Countries, it is a plant which has been known for millennia and millions of people use it all over the world. Following the topical use it was proved that the saponins of Ginseng have a stimulating and invigorating effect at a skin micro-circulation level. When used in a cosmetic product the extracts of the plant are capable of improving the tissue metabolism of the epidermis and the derma, whilst invigorating the skin making it firm and turgid. Ginseng is therefore particularly suitable for the treatment of mature skins that have lost tone and elasticity. Its revitalising and strengthening effect makes it also ideal for products which stimulate the growth of hair and invigorating products for the scalp.

GLYCERIN
Glycerine is a by-product that is obtained from oils and vegetable fats. An ingredient which is present in almost all cosmetic products because, due to its structure, it is capable of maintaining the skin’s correct natural hydration balance and preserving moisture on the skin’s surface.

GLYCOLIC ACID
Glycolic Acid is the most simple of the Alpha Hydroxy Acids as its minuscule molecule can easily be absorbed by the skin. The Glycolic Acid is extracted from Sugar Canes, a typical plant of the tropical regions. Glycolic Acid, if dosed correctly, eliminates the dead cells and allows the skin to renew itself bringing to the surface fresh and vitalized cells: for this reason the face will appear more radiant, the excess keratin will be eliminated and therefore the skin will look smoother, suppler and hydrated.

GRAPE SUGARS (BIOLOGICAL)
This precious concentrate of sugars is obtained by the biological cultivation of grapes, and is also used in the food sector. It consists of equal parts of Glucose and Fructose and this active principle is used in products for hair that exploit its extraordinary moisturising and nourishing properties. The sugary structure is able to retain water on the scalp and on the hair restoring elasticity to both and guaranteeing a shinier and stronger head of hair. The product can also be used in creams for the face or for the body which also exploit in this case its moisturising abilities.

GRAPEFRUIT (CITRUS GRANDIS) 
Grapefruit extract has been used for considerable time to give elasticity and radiance to the skin. Its extract, rich in vitamins, has astringent, nourishing and purifying properties. In particular the pink grapefruit is used in products specifically for younger and impure skins.

GUARANÁ (PAULLINIA CUPANA)
The Guaraná is produced and used in Latin America. It is obtained from the toasted seed and it is considered a very effective natural  source of energy.  It helps improve concentration when you are exausted or you work a lot, it improves the resistance during mental and muscular efforts due to the contained substances, in particular caffeine.  It does not cause the nervous excitement that coffee conveys. It is presented in tablets that contain the ground root.

H

HAMAMELIS – WITCH HAZEL (HAMAMELIS VIRGINIANA)
It is one of the most precious plants and among the most commonly used for the beauty of the skin and it is native of the state of Virginia, in the United States. The leaves and branches provide an extract that has a delicate astringent action which is particularly used in the treatment of oily, relaxed skins, with dilated pores. Thanks to the high tannin content it has a protective action on the skin capillaries, and provides a pleasant sense of freshness. Particularly suitable for sensitive and easily irritable skins.

HELYCHRYSUM (HELYCHRYSUM ITALICUM)
From the blooming tips an essential oil is extracted that has precious protective, soothing and anti-reddening properties, for this reason helychrysum is widely used in sun creams and after sun lotions. The Helychrysum extract has proved to have strong skin purifying, astringent and refreshing properties, this makes it ideal for formulas of all the cosmetic for skin cleansing and in products for the treatment of impure skins. 

HIBISCUS - HIBISCUS OIL (HIBISCUS SABDARIFFA)
The hibiscus is a plant belonging to the Malvaceae family, and is native of the Tropics. It mainly consists in organic acids (malic, hibiscus, citric and tartaric), anthocyanosides, tannins, mucilage, flavones and phytosterols, mucilage polysaccharides (ironic, rhamnose, arabinose acids etc.), pectin and a high level of ascorbic acid. The extract obtained from the flowers has an activity similar to that of Vitamin P that improves the tone of the skin, reducing swellings and making the complexion more even. It has an extremely refreshing and relaxing action. 

HONEY
An active principle particularly suitable for cosmetics. It is a product elaborated by bees and is a sugary material taken from flowers. It is obtained when the honeycombs exposed to the sun melt or by extraction using a centrifuge. Honey is characterised by a significant amount of sugars and flavonoids, and is an extremely powerful moisturiser and anti-oxidising agent. Main Ingredients : saccharose, glucose, fructose, aromatic and colouring substances, fats, nitrogenous substances, pollen residue. The composition varies according to the location of origin (wood, field, mountain, heath, acacia, or lime blossom honey) and the year. There are also different colours: white honey, blonde honey, etc.

HOP (HUMULUS LUPULUS)
The main ingredients of hops are a resin and a volatile oil. The active principles in Hops have been used in herbal remedies for considerable time. In cosmetics Hops are used to revitalise and restore firmness and radiance to senescent, wrinkled and relaxed skins, thanks to the precious firming property which makes the tissues more elastic. It also has effective results on hair growth, stimulating the metabolic functions of the superficial tissues on the scalp.

HORSE CHESTNUT (AESCULUS HYPPOCASTANUM)
The Aesculus Hippocastanum or Indian Chestnut is a plant that, contrarily to its name, grows spontaneously in the north of Greece and in the Balkans. The main substance contained in its seeds is escin, a mixture of triterpene saponosides, anti-exudative and normalising for the permeability of the vessels walls, whilst the coumarins extracted from the bark also increase the lymphatic re-absorption of the tissue liquids. Escine therefore is widely used as an anti-edemigenic agent for circulation problems, particularly in the lower limbs. In the cosmetic field its vasoprotective and astringent activity is exploited in the treatment of reddened skins and for the prevention of the skin imperfections caused by cellulite. The presence of some flavonoids, also determines a specific anti-lipoperoxide, rebalancing action on the cell homeostasis. 

HOYA CARNOSA
The Hoya of the family of the Asclepiadaceaes are extremely varied in the nature. The common characteristic is their starry flowers, which are rich in wax and with a very peculiar and attractive scent that last the whole summer. The leaves are generally dark green, succulent and with oval form, more or less lengthened according to the species. They are native plants of South-eastern Asia and Australia.

HYALURONIC ACID (Sodium Hyaluronate) 
It is an active principle of biotechnological origin and it is a substance naturally present in the derma where, binding the water particles, it sustains the hydration of the skin which looks firmer and smoother. The native hyaluronic acid is one of the Glycosaminoglycans and is the only one which is not a sulphate, it is a polysaccharide with heavy molecular weight constituted by a linear chain of 2,500 alternating units of glucuronic acid and n-acetylglucosamine joined by glycosidic  chemical bonds. In the skin it is mainly located in the extra-cells of the derma, conferring a high moisturising action (it actually holds up to 500 times its weight in water) and binds the collagen fibres.

HYALURONIC ACID (Sodium Hyaluronate) 
It is an active principle of biotechnological origin and it is a substance naturally present in the derma where, binding the water particles, it sustains the hydration of the skin which looks firmer and smoother. The native hyaluronic acid is one of the Glycosaminoglycans and is the only one which is not a sulphate, it is a polysaccharide with heavy molecular weight constituted by a linear chain of 2,500 alternating units of glucuronic acid and n-acetylglucosamine joined by glycosidic  chemical bonds. In the skin it is mainly located in the extra-cells of the derma, conferring a high moisturising action (it actually holds up to 500 times its weight in water) and binds the collagen fibres.

I

IRIS (IRIS FLORENTINA)
The Iris is one of the most rare and precious plants used in perfumery. Iris Milk, extracted from the roots of Florentine Iris, is one of the most ancient beauty product renowned for its delicate olfactory and aromatic properties, and it is particularly suitable for very sensitive skins.

IVY (HEDERA HELIX)
Ivy is one of the most useful plants for combating the skin imperfections caused by cellulite and the drawbacks of oily skin. The extract of Ivy, rich in saponins, has a remarkable cosmetic action on all the parts of the body that tend to relax and lose tone, it also has a particularly effective vasoprotective action. Together with Ruscus and Horse Chestnut, also rich in saponins, it is used in products which combat the formation of the skin imperfections caused by cellulite. 

J

JASMINE – JASMINE EXTRACT
Jasmine (jasminum officinalis) belonging to the Family of Oleaceae is a plant that grows in the Middle East but it has widely spread all over Europe (above all in Italy and France); its fragrance is typical of summer nights. For  Asian Indians this flower was sacred to the Visnù Godness and women used to prepare  scented oils for hair with it. Nowadays in Sri Lanka they spread  jasmine petals in front of Buddhist Temples and devotees pick them up to collect them into bowls and eventually give them to Gods. Jasmine arrived in Italy, in Florence, in XV Century and Cosimo De Medici jealously kept it in his garden and he did not want anyone to pick up its flowers. Evidently the ban was not respected since  jasmine spread  in the gardens of Italy. Its extract is highly eudermic and it is recommended for  dry and dehydrated skins. 

JOJOBA (BUXUS CHINENSIS)
Jojoba Oil: the Jojoba Oil differs from all the other seed oils as it does not contain triglycerides but consists in a liquid wax. It therefore would be more correct to define it 'Jojoba Liquid Wax'. The Jojoba Oil is extracted from a plant that grows spontaneously in the state of Arizona, in the Southern California and the nearby Mexican regions which occupy the vast area called the Sonoro Desert. The plant was already renowned in the pre-Columbian era, there are even those who indicate that it was used in the ancient times of the Aztecs. The American Indians called it 'Hohowi' and the oil that was extracted was used for medicines and cosmetics. This in the past. Today Jojoba Oil has different fields of application: from pharmaceutical preparations to the industrial sector, where it is used in the plastic and rubber fields. In the cosmetic field it represents an authentic beauty package. Used in face and body creams it gives a pleasant texture to the product and it also guarantees an extraordinary emollient and softening action for dry and dehydrated skins. It restores life to hair, strengthening and deeply nourishing it, leaving it glossy, never greasy but soft and voluminous. It promotes the hydration of the hair and the scalp. After application a light shampoo is enough to remove it and the hair regains its natural shine.

L

LACTOBIOL™
It is a watery dispersion obtained from milk proteins. The lactobiol improves the consistency and the structure of the skin and is mainly used for its firming effect.

LARICYL® 
It is an active substance extracted from the Polyporus Officinalis, a fungus that grows in Russia and in the Balkan area, capable of improving the esthetic aspect of the skin, thanks to its astringent and toning properties.  Skin is immediately softer and more elastic after the first application and the pores are remarkably reduced. Moreover it has been demonstrated  that it has algo got hydrating properties. It can also be suitable to keep your skin elastic during heavy weight loss. This extract is suitable for products with astringent and toning properties. 

LAVANDER (LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA)
A plant typical of the Mediterranean Countries. The essential oil of Lavender is used especially in perfumery, but it has many cosmetic and pharmacological properties. In particular, for its decongestant and antiseptic properties, it is particularly suitable for cosmetic formulas for the treatment of impure skins and those which tend to have seborrheic problems, as in products for treatment of oily hair and scalps with dandruff. For its invigorating, refreshing and soothing activity, Lavender is also used in creams and moisturising milks for the face and body, body oils, tonic lotions and aftershave lotions.

LEMON (CITRUS LIMONUM)
The fruit contains citric acid, ascorbic acid, malic acid, sugars, mineral salts, vitamins and trace elements, therefore the extract has a precious astringent, invigorating and refreshing action.

LEUCOSELECT®
A by-product obtained from grape seeds, particularly rich in polyphenols, it is capable of increasing the anti-oxidants and combating the formation of free radicals. It also helps in maintaining the correct level of glutation, an anti-oxidant naturally present in the cells, and essential for keeping them intact and healthy.

LICORICE (GLYCYRRHIZA GLABRA) 
Licorice it is a belonging perennial grassy plant to the family of the Fabaceaes. The Licorice is native of South-West Asia and South Italy (Calabria, Lucania and Sicily). The part of the plant used in phyitoterapia is the root - from which have gotten this extract with elevated antioxidant power for its content in tannins. Liquorice extract and its active principle (glycyrrhetic acid) are used in soothing products for sensitive skins.

LICORICE (STEARYL GLYCYRRHETINATE)
The fatty acid form of the anti-irritant glycyrrhetinic acid, which is one of the active, anti-inflammatory components of licorice extract.

LIME
Lime essence is distilled from the juice of the small green fruits similar to a lemon that grow on saplings exposed to the sun and caressed by the sea breezes especially in Central America and in the Caribbean Islands. In these small fruits there is the magic atmosphere of this distant world, full of sharp aromas and unique sensations. For this reason, a drop of Lime can give a touch of exoticness, mischievousness, a sharp freshness, which ignites the imagination, awakens memories.

LIME BLOSSOM (TILIA CORDATA)
The lime blossom flower provides an essential oil, distilled aromatic waters and extracts.  The medical and dermofunctional properties  of lime blossom have no side effects and reveal  through such a soft action that Lime Blossom  extract is advisable for  children products, above all  with dry skin problems,  blemishes, sensitive skin or itching skin, thanks to the presence of flavonoids, mucilages  and organic acids. The glycerin extract, obtained by the fresh plant, with a simple procedure of extraction, preserves and transmits  to the finished product the majority of principles and quality features of the plant, obtained during the agronomic phase. In cosmetics it is used for its soothing action in case of easily irritable sensitive skin with blemishes and couperose skins.

LINSEED- LINSEED (LINUM USITATISSIMUM)
A very precious oil is extracted from Linseed because it contains linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid, vital for our organism but which has to be provided in cosmetics or in food. The oil also has a high percentage of mucilage which is useful for nourishing hair. Given its characteristics it is also used in sun protection products. 

LIPEX L'SENS™
An ingredient of vegetal origin that has touch, structure, shine and filming properties similar to lanolin. This raw material constituted by soya glycerides in combination with the unsaponifiable fraction of karitè butter makes it remarkably adhesive but not sticky to the touch and it remains on the skin giving a long lasting feeling of softness.

LIPOMOIST 2013™
LIPOMOIST 2013 CPE is a molecular film containing a submicrodispersion of heteropolysaccharides obtained by microfluidizing techniques that confers a pleasant feeling to the skin. It induces a 24h moisturising effect and also a long-lasting moisturising effect.

LOTUS – LOTUS FLOWERS
One of the most renowned plants used in herbal treatments. It grows everywhere in the lowlands, in wheat fields, in uncultivated areas and on the edges of the country paths. It contains an essential oil that is also used in cosmetics for its lenitive, softening, protective, purifying, anti-reddening actions, therefore it is precious in creams for delicate, very sensitive skins also with couperose and in products for children.

M

MACADAMIA (MACADAMIA TERNIFOLIA)
From the Macadamia ternifolia, an evergreen tree native of Australia, an oil is extracted, by cold-pressing of the seeds, which has the characteristic of containing a high level of palmitoleic acid, a fat present in the sebaceous secretion of humans but which tends to decrease drastically with age. For its sebum-similar properties, this oil is essential in order to rebalance the lipid secretion of younger skins and to restore the correct level of moisture to dry and dehydrated skins. It protects skin from the harmful action of the sun and the wind and it is able to maintain a balanced level of hydration.

MAGNOLIA (MAGNOLIA BIONDII) 
It has a sweet, sensual, particularly refined fragrance. The extract from these flowers is used to make a number of very delicate perfumes. It is an ancient plant, reproduced from seeds found during archaeological research.

MAHOGANY- EXTRACT
This evergreen African plant has got a dark grey bark. It can be found in Sub Saharian Africa, from Guinea Coast to Sudan. It is used for its reddish brown wood and to obtain oils for cosmetic or food industry use as well. It is also known for its medical use.  In cosmetics it is used for lenitive and protective properties. It is a substance rich in polyphenols and it has an astringent action. 

MALLOW - EXTRACT
Mallow is one of the more popular officinal plants: it has softening and protective effect on the skin and on the mucous, it softens, refreshes, reduces irritation and reddening. The extract is used mainly in creams for delicate skins, cleansers, footbaths, toothpastes, after-sun lotions, ointments, products for children, hand creams.

MANGO – BUTTER
Mango is the most commonly cultivated fruit in India: the butter that is extracted from the seeds is an incredible softening agent for the skin. Due to its particular composition of fatty acids it is often used for the treatment of dry or damaged skins after excessive exposure to the sun.
Mango is rich in vitamins and precious minerals for your skin.  The butter extracted from the seeds of the tropical fruit does not have fats, since it rapidly penetrates and offers a natural protection against UV rays. It has got emollient properties, it is revitalizing and anti-oxidising ( it improves the regeneration activity thanks to the high content of unsaponifiables fats). It is traditionally used in tropical forests and in tropics to moisture  skin,  to soothe itching, to hydrate. Moreover its protective properties improve the elasticity of skin  and contrast the degeneration of skin cells. It is suitable for any kind of skin. 

MARACUJA - HORMOFRUIT MARACUJA
The passion fruit, also called maracuja, has got a green yellowish pulp with a sweet flavour; rich in Vitamin A. This concentrated juice can be used in different ways and it has got various properties among which eudermic and toning properties, due to the presence of aminoacids , vitamins, and pectins contained in its juice. 

MARITIME PINE OF PALAZZO MASSAINI (PINO MARITTIMO DI PALAZZO MASSAINI)
Pine pinaster is a hard, fast growing pine containing small seeds with large wings. Pine pinaster is located in the Mediterranean basin but has been invading South Africa for the last 150 years where it is an invasive species. It favors a Mediterranean climate, which is one that has cool, rainy winters and hot, dry summers.

For cosmetics, it is used the plant extract water based as an additive; it is solvent free and paraben free. Antioxidant.

MAXnolia 
Functional principle derived from the extract of Magnolia tree bark and from the extract of grape seeds transmitted in maltodextrins which improve absorption in sensitive skins. MAXnolia protects your skin from couperose through the neutralization of the inner ageing factors.

MINT - MENTA (MENTHA PIPERITA)
Mint is one of the more diffused aromatic plants in the world. Today its applications are numerous, both in relation to its recognized therapeutic properties and to pleasant refreshing action of the Menthol. In cosmetics we find it in toothpastes, mouthwashes, foot creams, bath and shower foam, lotions, soaps and deodorants.

MINT- MENTHOL
It is an active principle for phytocosmetics. It is used for its refreshing, purifying and soothing properties. 

MONOI– MONOI OIL (COCOS NUCIFERA AND GARDENIA TAHITENSIS) 
This oil is prepared on the Polynesian island, by soaking the Tiarè flowers in coconut oil. It is known that from ancient times historical documents state the existence and the daily use of this perfumed oil, always part of the Polynesian culture. From the Rubiaceae family, the Tiarè flower (Gardenia Tahitensis) grows on small saplings that give white flowers with a limited number of starry petals for the whole year. Totally deprived of toxic substances, it is the most commonly used plant in traditional Polynesian pharmacopoeia. Both when prepared by infusion or crushed in lukewarm water or left in the Monoi, it seems to give relief for headaches, earache or insect bites. It is particularly used in the production of Monoi, this marvellous perfumed oil of which it is the main ingredient and to which it confers its quality virtues, that the Tiare is most appreciated for. The Tiare flowers are picked when the bud is ready to open and it is mixed with refined coconut oil, in which is allowed to soak for a about two weeks. It is the ideal product today for skin and hair care. An exceptional moisturiser used on its own or in combination with other vegetable oils to protect from the sun rays and salts residue.

MOTHER-OF-PEARL-DUST
Appreciated since ancient times for its high value of components, the mother-of-pearl dust is a real mineral syntesis, source of health and beauty capable of  restoring a radiant and luminous skin. It is also used  in products for  nail care and it also has a perfectioning action. 

MYRRH (COMMIPHORA MYRRHA)
Myrrh is a rubbery resin that seeps from incisions made in the bark of the plant, similar to that of incense. In the past it was used to dust on sores and wounds to accelerate healing. Today the natural balsamic, antimicrobial and astringent properties are used in cosmetics.

N

NETTLE (URTICA DIOICA)
Nettles have been used since ancient times to care for the hair. The active principles in the plant have a stimulating action on the scalp, and therefore cause for a more intense nourishment of the bulb: it quickly restores shine and body to weak, lifeless, dull hair with dandruff.

NUT – BRASILIAN NUT (BERTHOLLETIA EXCELSA)
Brazil nut Oil: (Bertholletia excelsa) A plant used by the Indian tribes of the Amazonian to care for their hair. The oil is extracted from the nuts and from the flowers of the plant, and it is rich in amino-acids and flavonoids that contribute to improving peripheral circulation and to providing a firming effect on the skin. The Brazilian nut contains a high concentration of selenium.

O

OAK (ACER SACCHARINUM)
This extract is obtained by maple juice, characterized by a high content of sugar. The high percentage of sugar has got the capability  of  retaining a high water quantity on the skin surface, therefore attenuating dehydration.  

OKINACEA® (CAULERPA LENTILLIFERA EXTRACT)
It is known also as “green caviar” or “sea grape” and highly appreciated as delicacy in Okinawa, the Japanese island of centenarians.
Key words:
Reinforcement of the dermal epidermal junction (stimulation of laminin -5 & collagen IV synthesis);
Stimulation of GAGs; 
Stimulation of collagen I synthesis; 
Anti-wrinkle.
Recommended use levels: 1% - 5%

OLEOX®
OLEOX® consists 100% of organic olive fruits and is a completely aqueous liquid. OLEOX® is obtained by bioliquefaction of fresh olives, selected among the richest in biophenols and derived from organic certified agriculture. After the bioliquefaction of the fruit through our biotechnological process, a series of biorefining steps are performed in order to convert oleuropein, the main phenolic component of olives, into hydroxytyrosol, a much more active molecule. OLEOX® has a total phenolic concentration up to 50-fold higher than extra virgin olive oil.

OLIVE - OLIVE (OLEA EUROPAEA)
The unsaponifiable fraction of olive is an active principle that derives from olive oil and it is extremely effective in functional cosmetics due to its softening, smoothing and sebum-restoring properties. Its effectiveness has been studied in depth mainly by Italian researchers and those residing in the Mediterranean area, where the olive grows and there is an ancient tradition related to its culinary and cosmetic use.

OLIVE – EXTRA VIRGIN OLIVE OIL
Extra Virgin olive oil is the only one obtained by a pressure process, with no manipulation or chemical additives. It contains vitamins A, E, K, D which have anti-oxidant properties and a protective effect on cells. Olive Oil thanks to the presence of fatty acids , vitamins and mineral salts, has got the magic power of alleviating skin redness, irritations, it prevents dehydration and the forming of chaps besides contrasting ageing effects, skin and hair weakness, protecting all the requisites of softness and elasticity which are essential to keep your skin youthful and luminous. Ideal for massages, its penetration activity is enhanced by hand movement; for this reason it is used to provide your skin with relaxing and tonifying essences. The oil has got the advantage of having a good soothing effect on surface layers. 

ORANGE (CITRUS DULCIS)
A very important fruit in phitotherapy and cosmetics, above all because it is rich in Vitamin C.  Leaves , flowers and rind are used. The oil which is extracted from the rind it is used in the perfume field, especially for its composition of tonic waters and water of colony.

ORANGE ACTIVE WATER
Watery extract of bark of orange, rich in biofenolis. The BIOFENOLIs that characterize the Active Water develop a protective action on the skin. Thanks to the elevated antioxidant power , these molecules help to oppose the damages caused by the free radicals strengthening the endogenous systems of defense of the skin.The power antioxidant of the contained polifenolis in Active Water is guaranteed, as the biological origin of the use first subjects.

ORCHID (ORCHIS MASCULA)
It was once believed that the bulb of the orchid was aphrodisiac, to the extent where still today in Turkey a stimulating drink is prepared for men which is also administered to pregnant women so that she will give birth to a baby boy. This kind of Orchid grows in Europe and has stupendous violet coloured flowers which grow on long stems.

P

PANTHENOL
It is an active principle which is much used in cosmetics. In technical terms, it is pro-vitamin B5, the substance that must be transformed into a vitamin by the organism before it can be used (such as Betacarotene for Vitamin A). It has moisturising, glossing and re-epithelising actions. It bonds strongly to the structure of the skin and the hair.

PANTOVIT
A hydro-alcoholic mix of calcium pantothenate, Urtica Dioica and Capsicum Frutescens. The Pantothenic Acid (vitamin B5) acts on the hair to support the capillary keratin and, acts as a conditioner. The nettle acts by providing the necessary nourishment to the scalp being rich in amino acids, sugars, mineral and vitamins.

PAPAYA (CARICA PAPAYA)
The Papaya tree, native of Brazil, is an evergreen that reaches 10 metres in height. Its fruit is rich in papain, a very important enzyme both at a nourishing level, because it helps the digestion system, and also for cosmetics. Recently the Papaya extract, due to its sweet and pleasantly exotic fragrance, has been used in the formulas of some extremely successful perfumes. In the cosmetic field there are some products which have a "smoothing" and keratoplastic action which contain papain.

PEACH - HORMOFRUIT PEACH (PRUNUS PERSICA)
Modern cosmetology has emphasized the functional properties of vegetable by-products. Hormo Fruit Peach is obtained from this respective vegetable with a procedure studied to maintain intact the contents of the active principles of the fruit. In particular this active ingredient has a softening and smoothing action. 

PENTATIVIN®
It is a unique plant-derived composition (active: Saccharide Isomerate) which is similar to that of the carbohydrate complex found in human skin, and on its unique ability to bind to skin for a long-lasting effect.

Thanks to its unique affinity to the skin, PENTAVITIN® ensures instant, deep hydration by generating a moisture reservoir that lasts for 72 hours from the final application. PENTAVITIN® increases stratum corneum hydration and water retention in the short-term which consequently leads to a mid- to long-term improvement in desquamation and in the epidermal barrier function. Tightness, itching and stinging caused by dry skin are all reduced for a more comfortable skin feeling. Improved softness and smoothness, as well as reduced flakiness, finally lead to a healthy skin appearance. It does not contain any preservatives. It is suitable for use in both skin and hair care applications.

PERILLA (PERILLA OCYMOIDES) BEEFSTEAK PLANT
It is a plant belonging to the family of Lamiaceae whose extract is rich in soothing properties. 

PGG5 (PENTAGALLOILGLUCOSIO)
An active principle especially examined in Research laboratories of the University of Milan in order to obtain an antioxidant and stabilizer of the collagen and elastin proteins achieving an anti ageing effect. The PGG belongs to the  tannin class, which have been recently discovered thanks to the different biological activities that are extremely interesting in cosmetics. Besides the antioxidising activity, it also has regenerating , dermopurifying and astringent properties for dermal tissues. The PGG is obtained by an isolation process starting from a variety of a plant such as Dahlia and Peony. According to its structural characteristics, the aim of the investigation has been evaluating the interactive and complexing capacity of this molecule in comparison with two support structures of skin tissues, such as collagen and elastin.  In practice  there is a decrease  in PGG-dosis metabolism, depending on the collagen on behalf of Colagenase enzyme and a major softness and compacteness of skin Research has demostrated a major resistance to the attack of the protease elastase, for a firmer and elastic skin.

PHITOCELL MALUS DOMESTICA
These are the most important staminal cells in our skin. Adult staminal cells are essential to repair the tissues and can stay alive forever. They are the source of the continous skin regenerative process, for the formation of new hairs and pilifer pigments.  In more mature skinks the staminal cells are less active and less numerous, therefore they cause the formation of wrinkles. The reduced vitality and the consequent ageing of staminal cells are the main causes of the ageing process of tissues.  Even plants have got staminal cells and the attention has been drawn to an extract of staminal cells from the apples ( Malus Domestica)*.  A fresh apple is the symbol of a youthful skin.  Apples with a good capacity of conservation can be kept fresh for a long time. These apples have therefore long-lasting staminal cells. Uttwiler Spätlauber is an apple tree that has been cultivated for its good capacities of conservation;  Apples belonging to this variety are renowned for their good conservation capability. The extract  of staminal cells from Uttwiler Spätlauber positively  affects the vitality and the resistance against the ageing  of human staminal cells. It increases the life span in skin fibroblast and the pilifer bulb, it benefits the skin and hair regeneration and  delays the ageing signs, although the exact mechanism is still not known. 

PHYSIOGENYL®
Mix of sodium salts, magnesium, zinc and manganese (hydrating action). It is an active principle with a remineralizing effect, anti-stress (magnesium salt has got an anti-stress and anti-fatigue action), hydrating (due to sodium salts) and healing (zinc salts). 

PHYTO x.2
A multi-vitamin botanical cocktail containing Shea Butter and Avocado, especially formulated to give you skin that looks and feels great. It is rich in Vitamin A to maintain moisture levels for longer, Vitamin C with an elasticising, anti-oxidant action and Vitamin E to help prevent the formation of free radicals. A nourishing, anti-age, protective action for the skin, helping to keep it supple and younger-looking, while protecting it against the formation of early wrinkles.

PINK SALT FROM HIMALAYA
Pink salt from Himalaya is a fossil sea salt which formed more than 200 million years ago and it is the purest salt ever used in the Far east for its particular properties and characteristics .  It is manually extracted forom the Himalayan mines (Khewra, Cachemire area in Pakistan) and it is very pure, completely uncontaminated.  Afterwards it is washed and dried and it is then sent to the valley by steam trains. The crystaline  Himalayan salt not only is without contaminated substances, but also the pressure that has been enduring throughout time ( the same of the ones that in some carbon compounds have been forming diamonds) have changed its structure, turning it into a crystal.  Through contact or swallowing  the crystaline Himalayian salt can transmit us all its vital energy and it is perfectly assimilable. The Himalayan salt  comes to us in its original purity , with no kind of refining  process, with no environmental contamination: it keeps its natural richness intact, in particular clacium, potasium, zinc,  sulfur, copper and antioxidants. 

PLANT COLLAGEN (ACACIA DE SENEGAL)
Collagen is an important protein that our organism produces and that is needed primarily to protect and to maintain the skin supple. To respect the philosophy of "naturalness", research was made to find a molecule, which was of animal origin, that could replace Collagen and it was identified in the Acacia in Senegal, a tree of tropical origin that grows in Senegal, where it is considered a national wealth. 

PLANT SUGAR COMPLEX
It is a 100% complex with a carbohydrate composition very similar to that in the skin. It hydrates the outermost layer of the skin, which is also the driest, and it boosts the skin’s barrier functions. It gives an instantaneous and lasting moisturizing for the skin, smoother feel and softness after just two week of use. It leaves the skin feeling good and looking healthier overall.

PLANTADINE®
Modern lipoproteic vegetable  emulsifier vegetal obtained from wheat proteins. 
Its lipoproteic component, together with fosfatidilcolina, softens the structure of the cellular membrane and for this reason it turns to be a very valid active principle cabaple of guaranteeing  a maximum tolerability and dermocompatibility.  In virtue of these properties it is particularly suitable for delicate and sensitive skins with redness. Thanks to the fosfatidilcolina and pipoproteins of wheat, in solution,  liposomal structures are formed spontaneously, more water resistant, which guarantee hydration and protection for your skin. This sensation is long-lasting and conveys a more visible luminosity.    

PLANTALMOND®
An exclusive Bottega Verde patent, it contains a lipoprotein of vegetable origin, deriving from Almonds which has protective, moisturising and elasticising properties.

PLURIDEFENCE®
Pluridefence®, an exclusive Bottega Verde patent, is a dipeptide consisting in two amino-acids Tyrosine and Histidine. Recent studies have shown how the skin is capable of defending itself effectively from potentially cytotoxic agents that developed daily subsequently to exposure to the sun light and atmospheric pollutants. It is the formation of radical species deriving from oxidative stress caused by these agents is one of the main factors of induction and propagation of skin ageing. As years go by the defence mechanisms that the skin activates against these reactive species are not enough to prevent the formation and the accumulation of toxic compounds deriving from the oxidative degradation of lipids, proteins and sugars. Pluridefence® does not derive from a casual discovery but from a rational approach that analyzed all the aspects involved in the skin oxidative process so as to completely block in a specific manner all the mechanisms that combine to promote it. This approach is totally revolutionary in the cosmetic field; until now, in fact, attempts have been made to combat skin ageing by concentrating on one angle and neglecting however all the secondary phenomena that are in any case the consequence of the onset of the oxidative process. To the classical property of eliminating the free radicals, a just as important and complementary strategy is combined, which involves all the active anti-age molecules in an attempt to eliminate all the other cytotoxic secondary reactive agents which are not radical based. The research made on the functionality of the molecule used in this innovative product has proved to be of double value as it traps the free radicals and deactivates toxic secondary compounds. These functions are associated with a consequent “barrier effect” and a promotion of cell vitality dependent on the protection of structural macromolecules such as collagen and elastin.

POLINESIA SEA WATER
Rich in oligo elements, it has moisturizing and softneings properties for skin and nails. 

POLYNESIAN BLACK SAND
Black sand from the Polynesian beaches come from the volcanic eruptions in the Polynesian Archipelago that have been depositing over time on the beach. The principal component of this sand is bluestone,  whose color is dark and it is poor in silicon. Today the Polynesian black sands have got a size of 500 mocron  and its mineral nature makes them inert. According to these chemical-physical properties they are used in the cosmetic field for peeling preparation since they remove dead skin cells for a suppler and even skin. 

POMEGRATE (PUNICA GRANATUM)
The pomegranate (Punica granatum L) is a native plant of northern Africa and the mountains of Caucasus, where it is also largely diffused in the whole of North America. There are different theses on the possible derivation of its name. The similarity to an apple (from the Latin 'pomum') rich in seeds (from the Latin 'granatum') has certainly contributed to composing the English term 'pomegranate'. The numerous beneficial properties attributed by popular tradition to the pomegranate have subsequently been confirmed by official medicine, which has also identified other interesting therapeutic potentialities in this plant. There are many very different compounds identified today in the pomegranate (Punica granatum). We find a variety of classes of substances, differently distributed in the whole plant. The pomegranate, already well known among ancient populations, and used in the preparation of traditional medicine, is today worthy more than ever of consideration in virtue of the evidence proved by modern scientific research. Its rich content in anti-oxidising substances, in particular " ellagic acid " and the remarkable anti-oxidising power make it a valid support agent for the prevention of premature skin aging caused by the presence of free radicals. 

PRONALEN - PRONALEN ANTI FATIGUE
A vegetable complex based on Ruscus, Lemon and Blueberry, rich in anthocyans, ruscogenine, naringin and hesperidins. The anthocyans of the blueberry and the ruscogenines of the ruscus have protective activities on the capillaries, the lemon protects cell membranes from the action of UV rays UV and against free radicals. The synergic combination performs therefore a support activity in the treatment of the skin imperfections caused by cellulite, whilst decreasing the feeling of heaviness and swelling of the legs.

PRONALEN ANTI CELULITIS
A vegetable complex containing Ruscus (Ruscus aculeatus), Guarana (Paullinia cupana), Lemon (Citrus limonum) and Algae laminaria (Laminaria digitata), rich in caffeine, ruscogenine, naringin and hesperidin. The synergic combination has adjuvant activity in the aesthetical treatment of cellulite.

PROVITAGEN COMPLEX II
A water-alcohol complex that contains Retinol (Vitamin A), Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E) and Ascorbyl Palmitate (Vitamin C) in association with silymarin, soya and wheat. The retinol, defined as the “ beauty vitamin”, stimulates the functions of the skin cells, it intervenes in the keratin synthesis and it reactivates the production of the collagen fibres helping the skin to retain moisture, allowing it to regain a correct level of balance and to build up the necessary defences it needs to combat the processes of dehydration and aging. The flavonoids extracted from Milk Thistle (silymarin) and Vitamin E have antiradical activities and are therefore anti-ageing. To complete the strong anti-wrinkle action of this active principle, there is soya, rich in lecithin and unsaponifiable fractions.

RYZOCREAM
Vegetable lipoproteic emulsifier. The high content of  gamma-oryzanol is suitable for this emulsifier in cosmetic preparation with a certain UVA protection. Compatible with skin pH. 

Q

QUILLAY (QUILLAIA SAPONARIA) 
The Quillaia, an evergreen plant commonly found mainly in Chile and in Bolivia, is also known as Panama Wood and in Asia and in Africa it is used today for cleansing and treating the hair. Its bark is rich in quillain, a saponin which has foaming and cleansing properties, used for the delicate cleansing of the skin and the hair.